On 6 December 1912, German archaeologist Ludwig Borchardt uncovered one of the most iconic artefacts from Egyptian history: the bust of Nefertiti. She was lying within the remains of the sculptor Thutmose’s workshop in Akhetaten (modern Amarna).
Born in Padua, Italy, in 1778, Giovanni Battista Belzoni led a colourful life. He studied hydraulic engineering in Rome when he was young, but then moved to the Netherlands and worked as a barber. He subsequently joined a circus in England, performing as a strongman, where he’d carry up to 12 people at a time across the circus floor (he stood in at 6′ 7″; impressive, even by today’s standards). An obvious career path, wouldn’t you agree!